Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) and Mycobacterium bovis (BCG) have been associated to several human autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), but there are conflicting evidence on the issue. The objective of this study is to evaluate their role in Japanese patients affected by inflammatory demyelinating disorders of the central nervous system (IDDs). A total of 97 IDDs subjects including 51 MS and 46 neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) patients, and 34 healthy controls (HCs) were tested for the detection of IgG, IgM and IgA against mycobacterial antigens by indirect ELISA. The levels of anti-MAP IgG were higher in MS patients compared to NMOSD patients (AUC = 0.59, p = 0.02) and HCs (AUC = 0.67, p = 0.01), and the anti-MAP antibodies were more prevalent in MS patients treated with interferon-beta (OR = 11.9; p = 0.004). Anti-BCG IgG antibodies were detected in 8% of MS, 32% of NMOSD and 18% of HCs, the difference between MS and NMOSD groups was statistically significant (AUC = 0.66, p = 0.005). Competition experiments showed that nonspecific IgM were elicited by common mycobacterial antigens. Our study provided further evidence for a possible association between MAP and MS, while BCG vaccination seemed to be inversely related to the risk of developing MS.
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|Titolo:||Altered humoral immunity to mycobacterial antigens in Japanese patients affected by inflammatory demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|