Resveratrol (Resv; 3,4,5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a phytoalexin with antioxidant activity that modulates redox homeostasis in oocytes and improves in vitro embryo production. Cold storage of cat ovaries for a period longer than 24 h alters oxidative status of oocytes after in vitro maturation and reduces their developmental competence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of resveratrol supplementation to the maturation medium on embryo development of oocytes after storage of domestic cat ovaries at 4 °C for 24 h or 48 h. Cumulus–oocyte complexes (COCs) were recovered from ovaries of domestic queens and cultured in maturation medium supplemented with (+) or without (−) 5 μM resveratrol for 24 h. COCs collected from fresh ovaries were matured in vitro (IVM) in standard conditions as control. After IVM, oocytes were in vitro fertilized (IVF) and presumptive zygotes cultured for 7 days. Oocyte nuclear maturation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione (GSH) levels as well as cleavage, blastocyst formation and blastocyst cell number were determined. There were no differences in the maturation rates of oocytes between the control and stored groups, irrespective of resveratrol supplementation. Resveratrol treatment during IVM significantly increased the level of GSH and reduced the level of ROS of oocytes recovered from ovaries stored for 48 h as compared to the non-treated group (48 h-). The rate of blastocyst formation from oocytes recovered from ovaries after 48 h storage that underwent IVM with resveratrol was higher (P < 0.05) than that of oocytes matured without resveratrol and similar to that of control oocytes. Resveratrol treatment increased (P < 0.05) cell number in blastocysts from 24 h + and 48 h + groups as compared to their respective counterparts. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that resveratrol supplementation during IVM can reverse the adverse effect of oxidative stress on oocytes, and enhances embryo development after ovary storage at 4 °C for 48 h. These results may provide a basis for improving culture conditions and extend the possibility of storage of cat ovaries for more than 24 h thus ensuring successful in vitro embryo production.
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|Titolo:||Resveratrol treatment during maturation enhances developmental competence of oocytes after prolonged ovary storage at 4 °C in the domestic cat model|
ARIU, Federica (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|