We present a new mechanism through which chemical oscillations and waves can be induced in batch conditions with a simple A+B→C reaction in the absence of any nonlinear chemical feedback or external trigger. Two reactants A and B, initially separated in space, react upon diffusive contact and the product actively fuels in situ convective Marangoni flows by locally increasing the surface tension at the mixing interface. These flows combine in turn with the reaction-diffusion dynamics, inducing damped spatiotemporal oscillations of the chemical concentrations and the velocity field. By means of numerical simulations, we single out the detailed mechanism and minimal conditions for the onset of this periodic behavior. We show how the antagonistic coupling with buoyancy convection, due to concurrent chemically induced density changes, can control the oscillation properties, sustaining or suppressing this phenomenon depending on the relative strength of buoyancy- and surface-tension-driven forces. The oscillatory instability is characterized in the relevant parametric space spanned by the reactor height, the Marangoni (Mai) and the Rayleigh (Rai) numbers of the ith chemical species, the latter ruling the surface tension and buoyancy contributions to convection, respectively.
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|Titolo:||Making a Simple A+B→C Reaction Oscillate by Coupling to Hydrodynamic Effect|
BUDRONI, Marcello Antonio (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|