Different, complementary, techniques are used to experimentally probe clustering aspects in several carbon isotopes: 11 , 12 , 13 , 16C. Our approaches involve breakup reactions with radioactive cocktail beams (16C), compound nucleus reactions and resonant scattering at low energies (11 , 13C), and direct reactions with the detection of in-flight resonance decay fragments (12C). In this paper, we discuss results of our experimental campaign: in 11C, we unveil the existence of a new excited state, characterized by clustering nature, at an excitation energy of 9.36 MeV (5 / 2 -); the decay path of the Hoyle state in 12C (7.654 MeV, 0 +) is investigated with unprecedented precision; we refine the spectroscopy of 13C above the α-threshold supporting the possible appearance of the Kπ= 3 / 2 ± molecular bands, based on the α+ 9Be structure, previously discussed in the literature; in 16C, we find evidence for 6He–10Be decays. Our findings have an impact on the understanding of clustering phenomena in light nuclear systems.
Experimental studies of clustering in light nuclei: 11,12,13,16C / Dell'Aquila, Daniele. - In: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL PLUS. - ISSN 2190-5444. - 135:2(2020). [10.1140/epjp/s13360-020-00155-8]