Carbon dots (CDs) are highly-emissive nanoparticles obtained through fast and cheap syntheses. The understanding of CDs’ luminescence, however, is still far from being comprehensive. The intense photoluminescence can have different origins: molecular mechanisms, oxidation of polyaromatic graphene-like layers, and core-shell interactions of carbonaceous nanoparticles. The citric acid (CA) is one of the most common precursors for CD preparation because of its high biocompatibility, and this review is mainly focused on CA-based CDs. The different parameters that control the synthesis, such as the temperature, the reaction time, and the choice of solvents, were critically described. Particular attention was devoted to the CDs’ optical properties, such as tunable emission and quantum yields, in light of functional applications. The survey of the literature allowed correlating the preparation methods with the structures and the properties of CA-based CDs. Some basic rules to fabricate highly luminescent nanoparticles were selected by the metanalysis of the current literature in the field. In some cases, these findings can be generalized to other types of CDs prepared via liquid phase.

Citric Acid Derived Carbon Dots, the Challenge of Understanding the Synthesis-Structure Relationship / Ren, J.; Stagi, L.; Innocenzi, P.. - In: C. - ISSN 2311-5629. - 7:(2021), p. 2. [10.3390/c7010002]

Citric Acid Derived Carbon Dots, the Challenge of Understanding the Synthesis-Structure Relationship

J. Ren;L. Stagi;P. Innocenzi
2021-01-01

Abstract

Carbon dots (CDs) are highly-emissive nanoparticles obtained through fast and cheap syntheses. The understanding of CDs’ luminescence, however, is still far from being comprehensive. The intense photoluminescence can have different origins: molecular mechanisms, oxidation of polyaromatic graphene-like layers, and core-shell interactions of carbonaceous nanoparticles. The citric acid (CA) is one of the most common precursors for CD preparation because of its high biocompatibility, and this review is mainly focused on CA-based CDs. The different parameters that control the synthesis, such as the temperature, the reaction time, and the choice of solvents, were critically described. Particular attention was devoted to the CDs’ optical properties, such as tunable emission and quantum yields, in light of functional applications. The survey of the literature allowed correlating the preparation methods with the structures and the properties of CA-based CDs. Some basic rules to fabricate highly luminescent nanoparticles were selected by the metanalysis of the current literature in the field. In some cases, these findings can be generalized to other types of CDs prepared via liquid phase.
2021
Citric Acid Derived Carbon Dots, the Challenge of Understanding the Synthesis-Structure Relationship / Ren, J.; Stagi, L.; Innocenzi, P.. - In: C. - ISSN 2311-5629. - 7:(2021), p. 2. [10.3390/c7010002]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/240696
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