Facial image synthesis has been extensively studied, for a long time, in both computer graphics and computer vision. Particularly, the synthesis of face images with varying ages, expressions and poses has received an increasing attention owing to several real-world applications. In this paper, facial age and expression synthesis are addressed. While previous and current research papers on facial age synthesis mostly adopt an age span of 10 years, this paper investigates face aging with a shorter time span. For expression synthesis, given a neutral face, we work on synthesizing faces with varying expression intensities (e.g., from zero to high). Note that both human ages and expression intensities are inherently ordinal. To fully exploit this ordinal nature, we devise ordinal ranking generative adversarial networks (ranking GAN). For each face, a one-hot label is assigned to define its age range/expression intensity. By exploiting the relative order information among age ranges/expression intensities, a binary ranking vector is further computed for each face. In ranking GAN, one-hot labels are used as the condition of the generator for synthesizing faces with target age groups/expression intensities. Moreover, we add a sequence of cost-sensitive ordinal rankers on top of several multi-scale discriminators, with the aim of minimizing age/intensity rank estimation loss when optimizing both the generator and discriminators. In order to evaluate the proposed ranking GAN, extensive experiments are carried out on several public face databases. As demonstrated by the experimental testing, this ranking scheme performs well even when the amount of available labeled training data is limited. The reported experimental results well demonstrate the effectiveness of ranking GAN on synthesizing face aging sequences and faces with varying expression intensities.
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|Titolo:||Facial Age and Expression Synthesis Using Ordinal Ranking Adversarial Networks|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|