Cholestatic liver injury may lead to a series of hepatobiliary syndromes, which can progress to cirrhosis and impaired liver regeneration, eventually resulting in liver-related death. Mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2) is a major regulator of liver metabolism and tumor development. However, the role of mTORC2 signaling in cholestatic liver injury has not been characterized to date. In this study, we generated liver-specific Rictor knockout mice to block the mTORC2 signaling pathway. Mice were treated with 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine (DDC) to induce cholestatic liver injury. DDC feeding induced cholestatic liver injury and ductular reaction as well as activation of the mTORC2/Akt signaling pathway in wild-type mice. Loss of mTORC2 led to significantly decreased oval cell expansion after DDC feeding. Mechanistically, this phenotype was independent of mTORC1/fatty acid synthase cascade (Fasn) or yes-associated protein (Yap) signaling. Notch pathway was instead strongly inhibited during DDC-induced cholestatic liver injury in liver-specific Rictor knockout mice. Furthermore, mTORC2 deficiency in adult hepatocytes did not inhibit ductular reaction in this cholestatic live injury mouse model. Our results indicated that mTORC2 signaling effectively regulates liver regeneration by inducing oval cell proliferation. Liver progenitor cells or bile duct cells, rather than mature hepatocytes, would be the major source of ductular reaction in DDC-induced cholestatic liver injury.
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|Titolo:||Mammalian Target of Rapamycin Complex 2 Signaling Is Required for Liver Regeneration in a Cholestatic Liver Injury Murine Model|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|