The hand-blink reflex (HBR) is a subcortical response, elicited by the electrical stimulation of the median nerve, whose magnitude is specifically modulated according to the spatial properties of the defensive peripersonal space (DPPS) of the face. For these reasons, the HBR is commonly used as a model to assess the DPPS of the face. Little is known on the effects induced by the activation of cutaneous afferents from the face on the DPPS of the face. Therefore, we tested the effect of non-painful transcutaneous trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS) on the amplitude of the HBR. Fifteen healthy participants underwent HBR recording before and after 20 min of sham- and real- TNS delivered bilaterally to the infraorbital nerve in two separate sessions. The HBR was recorded bilaterally from the orbicularis oculi muscles, following non-painful median nerve stimulation at the wrist. The HBR amplitude was assessed in the “hand‐far” and “hand‐near” conditions, relative to the hand position in respect to the face. The amplitudes of the hand-far and hand-near HBR were measured bilaterally before and after sham- and real-TNS. Real-TNS significantly reduced the magnitude of the HBR, while sham-TNS had no significant effect. The inhibitory effect of TNS was of similar extent on both the hand-far and hand-near components of the HBR, which suggests an action exerted mainly at brainstem level.

Transcutaneous trigeminal nerve stimulation modulates the hand blink reflex / Mercante, Beniamina; Loi, Nicola; Ginatempo, Francesca; Biggio, Monica; Manca, Andrea; Bisio, Ambra; Enrico, Paolo; Bove, Marco; Deriu, Franca. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 10:1(2020), p. 21116. [10.1038/s41598-020-78092-w]

Transcutaneous trigeminal nerve stimulation modulates the hand blink reflex

Mercante, Beniamina;Loi, Nicola;Ginatempo, Francesca;Manca, Andrea;Enrico, Paolo;Deriu, Franca
2020

Abstract

The hand-blink reflex (HBR) is a subcortical response, elicited by the electrical stimulation of the median nerve, whose magnitude is specifically modulated according to the spatial properties of the defensive peripersonal space (DPPS) of the face. For these reasons, the HBR is commonly used as a model to assess the DPPS of the face. Little is known on the effects induced by the activation of cutaneous afferents from the face on the DPPS of the face. Therefore, we tested the effect of non-painful transcutaneous trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS) on the amplitude of the HBR. Fifteen healthy participants underwent HBR recording before and after 20 min of sham- and real- TNS delivered bilaterally to the infraorbital nerve in two separate sessions. The HBR was recorded bilaterally from the orbicularis oculi muscles, following non-painful median nerve stimulation at the wrist. The HBR amplitude was assessed in the “hand‐far” and “hand‐near” conditions, relative to the hand position in respect to the face. The amplitudes of the hand-far and hand-near HBR were measured bilaterally before and after sham- and real-TNS. Real-TNS significantly reduced the magnitude of the HBR, while sham-TNS had no significant effect. The inhibitory effect of TNS was of similar extent on both the hand-far and hand-near components of the HBR, which suggests an action exerted mainly at brainstem level.
Transcutaneous trigeminal nerve stimulation modulates the hand blink reflex / Mercante, Beniamina; Loi, Nicola; Ginatempo, Francesca; Biggio, Monica; Manca, Andrea; Bisio, Ambra; Enrico, Paolo; Bove, Marco; Deriu, Franca. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 10:1(2020), p. 21116. [10.1038/s41598-020-78092-w]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/240091
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