The introduction of 0.5–1.0 wt.% graphite to the powders prepared by Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS) is found to be highly beneficial for the removal of oxide impurities (from 2.7-8.8 wt.% to 0.2–0.5 wt.%) during spark plasma sintering (1950°C/20 min, 20 MPa) of (Hf0.2Mo0.2Ta0.2Nb0.2Ti0.2)B2 and (Hf0.2Mo0.2Ta0.2Zr0.2Ti0.2)B2 ceramics. Concurrently, the consolidation level achieved is enhanced from about 92.5% and 88%, respectively, to values exceeding 97%. While a further increase of graphite slightly improves samples densification, final products become progressively richer of the unreacted carbon. It is assumed that graphite plays a double role during SPS, e.g. not only as a reactant during the carbothermal reduction of oxides contaminant, but also as lubricating agent for the powder particles. The latter phenomenon is likely the main responsible for the densification improvement when 3 wt.% or larger amounts of additive are used. Another positive effect is the crystallite size refinement of the high-entropy phases with the progressive abatement of oxides, to confirm that their presence promotes grain coarsening during the sintering process

Ultra high temperature high-entropy borides: Effect of graphite addition on oxides removal and densification behaviour / Barbarossa, S.; Orrù, R.; Garroni, S.; Licheri, R.; Cao, G.. - In: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0272-8842. - (In corso di stampa). [10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.10.200]

Ultra high temperature high-entropy borides: Effect of graphite addition on oxides removal and densification behaviour

Garroni S.;
In corso di stampa

Abstract

The introduction of 0.5–1.0 wt.% graphite to the powders prepared by Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS) is found to be highly beneficial for the removal of oxide impurities (from 2.7-8.8 wt.% to 0.2–0.5 wt.%) during spark plasma sintering (1950°C/20 min, 20 MPa) of (Hf0.2Mo0.2Ta0.2Nb0.2Ti0.2)B2 and (Hf0.2Mo0.2Ta0.2Zr0.2Ti0.2)B2 ceramics. Concurrently, the consolidation level achieved is enhanced from about 92.5% and 88%, respectively, to values exceeding 97%. While a further increase of graphite slightly improves samples densification, final products become progressively richer of the unreacted carbon. It is assumed that graphite plays a double role during SPS, e.g. not only as a reactant during the carbothermal reduction of oxides contaminant, but also as lubricating agent for the powder particles. The latter phenomenon is likely the main responsible for the densification improvement when 3 wt.% or larger amounts of additive are used. Another positive effect is the crystallite size refinement of the high-entropy phases with the progressive abatement of oxides, to confirm that their presence promotes grain coarsening during the sintering process
In corso di stampa
Ultra high temperature high-entropy borides: Effect of graphite addition on oxides removal and densification behaviour / Barbarossa, S.; Orrù, R.; Garroni, S.; Licheri, R.; Cao, G.. - In: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0272-8842. - (In corso di stampa). [10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.10.200]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/239589
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