The aim of the research was to describe the polymorphisms of the MTNR1A gene in three Slovenian sheep breeds, and determine whether these polymorphisms affect reproductive performance. A total of 100 Bovška, 110 Istrian Pramenka, and 108 Jezersko-Solčavska ewes, were used. The rams were placed with the ewes on 10 October (Bovška), and 20 September (Istrian Pramenka). At each farm, the lambing date and number of newborn lambs were recorded to evaluate the fertility rate, number of days from ram placement with ewes to lambing (DRIL), and litter size. The Jezersko-Solčavska rams were maintained with the ewes of the flock throughout the year and data related to lambing during the entire year were recorded. The DNA sequences indicated there were eight nucleotide variations and that in the position g.17355358 was always associated with that in the position g.17355452. For the Bovška breed, there was an association between the G/G genotype in the position g.17355452, and relatively greater fertility (P < 0.05) and a shorter DIRL (P < 0.05). For the Istrian Pramenka breed, the T/T genotype in the position g.17355458 was positively associated with a greater fertility (P < 0.05) and shorter DRIL (P < 0.05). For the Jezersko-Solčavska breed, ewes with the G/G genotype in the position g.17355452 lambed more when there was a decreasing photoperiod whereas the ewes with the A/A genotype lambed more (P < 0.05) during the period when there were increasing photoperiods. The different polymorphisms studied were associated with reproductive performance in the three Slovenian breeds.
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|Titolo:||Reproductive performance in three Slovenian sheep breeds with different alleles for the MTNR1A gene|
CARCANGIU, Vincenzo (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|