The impaired activity of tyrosinase and laccase can provoke serious concerns in the life cycles of mammals, insects and microorganisms. Investigation of inhibitors of these two enzymes may lead to the discovery of whitening agents, medicinal products, anti-browning substances and compounds for controlling harmful insects and bacteria. A small collection of novel reversible tyrosinase and laccase inhibitors with a phenylpropanoid and hydroxylated biphenyl core was prepared using naturally occurring compounds and their activity was measured by spectrophotometric and electrochemical assays. Biosensors based on tyrosinase and laccase enzymes were constructed and used to detect the type of protein-ligand interaction and half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50). Most of the inhibitors showed an IC50 in a range of 20–423 nM for tyrosinase and 23–2619 nM for laccase. Due to the safety concerns of conventional tyrosinase and laccase inhibitors, the viability of the new compounds was assayed on PC12 cells, four of which showed a viability of roughly 80% at 40 µM. In silico studies on the crystal structure of laccase enzyme identified a hydroxylated biphenyl bearing a prenylated chain as the lead structure, which activated strong and effective interactions at the active site of the enzyme. These data were confirmed by in vivo experiments performed on the insect model Tenebrio molitur.

Synthesis and Studies of the Inhibitory Effect of Hydroxylated Phenylpropanoids and Biphenols Derivatives on Tyrosinase and Laccase Enzymes / Antonietta Dettori, Maria; Fabbri, Davide; Dessi', Alessandro; Dallocchio, Roberto Nico; Carta, Paola; Honisch, Claudia; Ruzza, Paolo; Farina, Donatella; Migheli, Rossana; Serra, Pier Andrea; Pantaleoni, Roberto A.; Fois, Xenia; Rocchitta, Gaia Giovanna Maria; Delogu, Giovanna Maria. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - (2020). [10.3390/molecules25112709]

Synthesis and Studies of the Inhibitory Effect of Hydroxylated Phenylpropanoids and Biphenols Derivatives on Tyrosinase and Laccase Enzymes

Alessandro Dessì;Roberto Dallocchio;Paola Carta;Donatella Farina;Rossana Migheli;Pier Andrea Serra;Roberto A. Pantaleoni;Gaia Rocchitta
;
Giovanna Delogu
2020-01-01

Abstract

The impaired activity of tyrosinase and laccase can provoke serious concerns in the life cycles of mammals, insects and microorganisms. Investigation of inhibitors of these two enzymes may lead to the discovery of whitening agents, medicinal products, anti-browning substances and compounds for controlling harmful insects and bacteria. A small collection of novel reversible tyrosinase and laccase inhibitors with a phenylpropanoid and hydroxylated biphenyl core was prepared using naturally occurring compounds and their activity was measured by spectrophotometric and electrochemical assays. Biosensors based on tyrosinase and laccase enzymes were constructed and used to detect the type of protein-ligand interaction and half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50). Most of the inhibitors showed an IC50 in a range of 20–423 nM for tyrosinase and 23–2619 nM for laccase. Due to the safety concerns of conventional tyrosinase and laccase inhibitors, the viability of the new compounds was assayed on PC12 cells, four of which showed a viability of roughly 80% at 40 µM. In silico studies on the crystal structure of laccase enzyme identified a hydroxylated biphenyl bearing a prenylated chain as the lead structure, which activated strong and effective interactions at the active site of the enzyme. These data were confirmed by in vivo experiments performed on the insect model Tenebrio molitur.
2020
Synthesis and Studies of the Inhibitory Effect of Hydroxylated Phenylpropanoids and Biphenols Derivatives on Tyrosinase and Laccase Enzymes / Antonietta Dettori, Maria; Fabbri, Davide; Dessi', Alessandro; Dallocchio, Roberto Nico; Carta, Paola; Honisch, Claudia; Ruzza, Paolo; Farina, Donatella; Migheli, Rossana; Serra, Pier Andrea; Pantaleoni, Roberto A.; Fois, Xenia; Rocchitta, Gaia Giovanna Maria; Delogu, Giovanna Maria. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - (2020). [10.3390/molecules25112709]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/234710
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