We investigate, in terms of production from pulsars and their nebulae, the cosmic ray positron and electron fluxes above ∼10GeV, observed by the AMS-02 experiment up to 1TeV. We concentrate on the Vela-X case. Starting from the gamma-ray photon spectrum of the source, generated via synchrotron and inverse Compton processes, we estimated the electron and positron injection spectra. Several features are fixed from observations of Vela-X and unknown parameters are borrowed from the Crab nebula. The particle spectra produced in the pulsar wind nebula are then propagated up to the Solar System, using a diffusion model. Differently from previous works, the omnidirectional intensity excess for electrons and positrons is obtained as a difference between the AMS-02 data and the corresponding local interstellar spectrum. An equal amount of electron and positron excess is observed and we interpreted this excess (above ∼100GeV in the AMS-02 data) as a supply coming from Vela-X. The particle contribution is consistent with models predicting the gamma-ray emission at the source. The input of a few more young pulsars is also allowed, while below ∼100GeV more aged pulsars could be the main contributors.
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|Titolo:||Pulsar Wind Nebulae as a source of the observed electron and positron excess at high energy: The case of Vela-X|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|