Background: Acne is a frequent adolescent disease characterized by inflammatory and noninflammatory lesions whose topical treatment very often presents adverse phenomena such as irritation or resistance to antibiotics that reduce the patient's compliance. The purpose of this study is to compare a commercial product (Acnatac gel) based on clindamycin-tretinoin (CTG) with a galenic compound containing 2 essential oils (Myrtus communisL. and Origanum vulgare) and tretinoin (MOTC) to evaluate its anti-acne effectiveness and action on themicroclimate of the skin.Methods: Sixty volunteers were randomly divided into an A group using MOTC and a B group, as a positive control, using CTG. The effectiveness was assessed with non-invasive skin analysis (Sebumeter, pH meter, Tewameter and Mexameter) and the counts of the number of lesions, after 15 and 30 days.Results: In both groups, there is aworsening of transepidermal water loss (TEWL) due to tretinoin. MOTChas improved, starting from 15 days of treatment, the papular erythema (p = 0.0329 vs CTG) and has reduced at all times even the rashes of retinoids present in the healthy perilesional skin (p = 0.0329 and p = 0.0017, respectively, at 15 and 30 days).Conclusion: MOTC has shown, compared to Acnatac, to have anti-acne efficacy and to possess an anti-inflammatory activity, due to essential oils, able to reduce in vivo erythematous lesions and those induced by retinoids.

Clinical Assessment of New Topical Cream Containing Two Essential Oils Combined with Tretinoin in the Treatment of Acne / Mazzarello, Vittorio; Gavini, Elisabetta; Rassu, Giovanna; Donadu, Matthew Gavino; Usai, Donatella; Piu, Gabriella; Pomponi, Valeria; Sucato, Federica; Zanetti, Stefania; Montesu, Maria Antonia. - In: CLINICAL, COSMETIC AND INVESTIGATIONAL DERMATOLOGY. - ISSN 1178-7015. - 13:(2020), pp. 233-239-239. [10.2147/CCID.S236956]

Clinical Assessment of New Topical Cream Containing Two Essential Oils Combined with Tretinoin in the Treatment of Acne

Mazzarello, Vittorio;Gavini, Elisabetta;Rassu, Giovanna;Donadu, Matthew Gavino
;
Usai, Donatella;Piu, Gabriella;Pomponi, Valeria;Sucato, Federica;Zanetti, Stefania;Montesu, Maria Antonia
2020

Abstract

Background: Acne is a frequent adolescent disease characterized by inflammatory and noninflammatory lesions whose topical treatment very often presents adverse phenomena such as irritation or resistance to antibiotics that reduce the patient's compliance. The purpose of this study is to compare a commercial product (Acnatac gel) based on clindamycin-tretinoin (CTG) with a galenic compound containing 2 essential oils (Myrtus communisL. and Origanum vulgare) and tretinoin (MOTC) to evaluate its anti-acne effectiveness and action on themicroclimate of the skin.Methods: Sixty volunteers were randomly divided into an A group using MOTC and a B group, as a positive control, using CTG. The effectiveness was assessed with non-invasive skin analysis (Sebumeter, pH meter, Tewameter and Mexameter) and the counts of the number of lesions, after 15 and 30 days.Results: In both groups, there is aworsening of transepidermal water loss (TEWL) due to tretinoin. MOTChas improved, starting from 15 days of treatment, the papular erythema (p = 0.0329 vs CTG) and has reduced at all times even the rashes of retinoids present in the healthy perilesional skin (p = 0.0329 and p = 0.0017, respectively, at 15 and 30 days).Conclusion: MOTC has shown, compared to Acnatac, to have anti-acne efficacy and to possess an anti-inflammatory activity, due to essential oils, able to reduce in vivo erythematous lesions and those induced by retinoids.
Clinical Assessment of New Topical Cream Containing Two Essential Oils Combined with Tretinoin in the Treatment of Acne / Mazzarello, Vittorio; Gavini, Elisabetta; Rassu, Giovanna; Donadu, Matthew Gavino; Usai, Donatella; Piu, Gabriella; Pomponi, Valeria; Sucato, Federica; Zanetti, Stefania; Montesu, Maria Antonia. - In: CLINICAL, COSMETIC AND INVESTIGATIONAL DERMATOLOGY. - ISSN 1178-7015. - 13:(2020), pp. 233-239-239. [10.2147/CCID.S236956]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/232560
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 26
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 24
social impact