Cellular senescence plays a role in the onset of age-related pathologies and in the loss of tissue homeostasis. Natural compounds of food or plants exert an important antioxidant activity, counteracting the formation of harmful free radicals. In the presence of an intense stressing event, cells activate specific responses to counteract senescence or cell death. In the present paper, we aimed at evaluating the levels of expression of specific markers of senescence, in order to demonstrate that extracts from Myrtus Communis L. can prevent premature senescence in ADSCs exposed to oxidative stress. Cells were cultured in the presence of Myrtus extracts for 12–24 and 48 h and then incubated with H2O2 to induce senescence. We then evaluated the expression of senescence-related markers p16, p19, p21, p53, TERT, c-Myc, and the senescence-associated β-Galactoidase activity. Our results showed that pre-treatment with Myrtus extracts protects cells from premature senescence, by regulating the cell cycle, and inducing the expression of TERT and c-Myc. These findings suggest a potential application of these natural compounds in the prevention and treatment of various diseases, counteracting premature senescence and preserving tissue functions.

Unravelling cellular mechanisms of stem cell senescence: An aid from natural bioactive molecules / Cruciani, S.; Garroni, G.; Ginesu, G. C.; Fadda, A.; Ventura, C.; Maioli, M.. - In: BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2079-7737. - 9:3(2020), p. 57. [10.3390/biology9030057]

Unravelling cellular mechanisms of stem cell senescence: An aid from natural bioactive molecules

Ginesu G. C.;Maioli M.
2020

Abstract

Cellular senescence plays a role in the onset of age-related pathologies and in the loss of tissue homeostasis. Natural compounds of food or plants exert an important antioxidant activity, counteracting the formation of harmful free radicals. In the presence of an intense stressing event, cells activate specific responses to counteract senescence or cell death. In the present paper, we aimed at evaluating the levels of expression of specific markers of senescence, in order to demonstrate that extracts from Myrtus Communis L. can prevent premature senescence in ADSCs exposed to oxidative stress. Cells were cultured in the presence of Myrtus extracts for 12–24 and 48 h and then incubated with H2O2 to induce senescence. We then evaluated the expression of senescence-related markers p16, p19, p21, p53, TERT, c-Myc, and the senescence-associated β-Galactoidase activity. Our results showed that pre-treatment with Myrtus extracts protects cells from premature senescence, by regulating the cell cycle, and inducing the expression of TERT and c-Myc. These findings suggest a potential application of these natural compounds in the prevention and treatment of various diseases, counteracting premature senescence and preserving tissue functions.
Unravelling cellular mechanisms of stem cell senescence: An aid from natural bioactive molecules / Cruciani, S.; Garroni, G.; Ginesu, G. C.; Fadda, A.; Ventura, C.; Maioli, M.. - In: BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2079-7737. - 9:3(2020), p. 57. [10.3390/biology9030057]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/232534
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