Objective: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is common across countries in males and females. Most cases originate from adenomas harboring high grade dysplasia. Among risk factors, weight excess has been suggested to positively influence dysplasia progression. In this study, the relationship between dysplasia grade of adenomas and body mass index (BMI) categories was analyzed. Methods: This was a retrospective case-control study. A total of 4745 charts (59.8% females) from patients undergoing colonoscopy were collected. Data regarding age, sex, smoking habits, occupation, residence, personal history of CRC, personal history of polyps and BMI were retrieved. Adenomas with high-grade dysplasia were labeled as advanced. Results: They were 970 (20.4%) subjects with adenomas (cases: mean age 64.67 ± 11.35 years) and 3775 without (controls: mean age 56.43 ± 16.56 years). As expected, adenomas were significantly associated with overweight or obesity. After adjusting for all covariates the presence of advanced adenoma was significantly associated with age, male sex, smoking habits, personal history of CRC, overweight (OR = 1.298, IC 95% 1.092–1.697) and obesity (OR = 1.780, IC 95% 1.260–2.515). Conclusions: Our findings support the protective effect a normal weight against advanced adenomas. Reduction of BMI value should be pursued in healthy programs.
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|Titolo:||The impact of body weight on dysplasia of colonic adenomas: a case-control study|
DORE, Maria Pina [Supervision] (Corresponding)
PES, Giovanni Mario [Methodology]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|