Previous studies investigating the effects of somatosensory afferent inputs on cortical excitability and neural plasticity often used TMS of hand motor cortex (M1) as a model. In this model it is difficult to separate out the relative contribution of cutaneous and muscle afferent input to each effect. In the face, cutaneous and muscle afferents are segregated in the trigeminal and facial nerves respectively. We studied their relative contribution to corticobulbar excitability and neural plasticity in the depressor anguli oris M1. Stimulation of trigeminal afferents induced short-latency (SAI) but not long-latency (LAI) afferent inhibition of face M1. In contrast, facial nerve stimulation evoked LAI but not SAI. Plasticity induction was observed only after a paired associative stimulation protocol using the facial nerve. Physiological differences in effects of cutaneous and muscle afferent inputs on face M1 excitability suggest they play separate functional roles in behaviour.

Role of cutaneous and proprioceptive inputs in sensorimotor integration and plasticity occurring in the facial primary motor cortex / Pilurzi, Giovanna; Ginatempo, Francesca; Mercante, Beniamina; Cattaneo, Luigi; Pavesi, Giovanni; Rothwell, John C; Deriu, Franca. - In: THE JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3751. - 598:4(2020), pp. 839-851. [10.1113/JP278877]

Role of cutaneous and proprioceptive inputs in sensorimotor integration and plasticity occurring in the facial primary motor cortex

Ginatempo, Francesca;Mercante, Beniamina;Deriu, Franca
2020

Abstract

Previous studies investigating the effects of somatosensory afferent inputs on cortical excitability and neural plasticity often used TMS of hand motor cortex (M1) as a model. In this model it is difficult to separate out the relative contribution of cutaneous and muscle afferent input to each effect. In the face, cutaneous and muscle afferents are segregated in the trigeminal and facial nerves respectively. We studied their relative contribution to corticobulbar excitability and neural plasticity in the depressor anguli oris M1. Stimulation of trigeminal afferents induced short-latency (SAI) but not long-latency (LAI) afferent inhibition of face M1. In contrast, facial nerve stimulation evoked LAI but not SAI. Plasticity induction was observed only after a paired associative stimulation protocol using the facial nerve. Physiological differences in effects of cutaneous and muscle afferent inputs on face M1 excitability suggest they play separate functional roles in behaviour.
Role of cutaneous and proprioceptive inputs in sensorimotor integration and plasticity occurring in the facial primary motor cortex / Pilurzi, Giovanna; Ginatempo, Francesca; Mercante, Beniamina; Cattaneo, Luigi; Pavesi, Giovanni; Rothwell, John C; Deriu, Franca. - In: THE JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3751. - 598:4(2020), pp. 839-851. [10.1113/JP278877]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/231123
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