Cryobanking of oocytes collected from prepubertal donors may supply a virtually unlimited number of female gametes for both basic research and commercial applications. Prepubertal oocytes show some structural and functional limitations compared to the adult ones that may impair their ability to recover damages from cryopreservation. In oocytes, the meiotic spindle is acutely sensitive to temperature deviation, but capable of regeneration following cryopreservation. In the present work, we studied the effects of vitrification and post-warming incubation on the microtubular cytoskeleton and the tubulin post-translational modifications (tyrosination and acetylation) in prepubertal and adult oocytes. Obtained results showed that prepubertal oocytes are more affected by vitrification-induced injuries than adult ones. In fact, prepubertal oocytes showed more severe alterations of the meiotic spindle conformation and a higher percentage of parthenogenetic activation compared to adult ones. Moreover, in the adult oocytes the equilibrium between tyrosinated and acetylated α-tubulin was restored after 4 h of post-warming incubation. Diversely, in prepubertal oocytes the imbalance between tyrosinated and acetylated α-tubulin was increased during post-warming incubation. Our study shows that prepubertal oocytes react differently to the insults provoked by vitrification compared to adult oocytes, showing an impaired ability to recover from vitrification-induced injuries. In the evaluation of oocyte ability to recover from vitrification-induced injuries, tubulin post-translational modifications represent an important indicator for assessing oocyte quality.
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|Titolo:||Morphological features and microtubular changes in vitrified ovine oocytes|
GADAU, Sergio Domenico (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|