The Beerkan Estimation of Soil Transfer parameters (BEST) procedure is attractive for a simple soil hydraulic characterization but testing the ability of this procedure to estimate soil properties is necessary. The BEST predictions were compared with soil water retention and hydraulic conductivity data measured in the laboratory and the field, respectively, at ten Sicilian field sites. Provided that BEST yielded physically possible scale parameters of the soil characteristic curves in most of the four replicated infiltration runs at a site, the measured water retention was satisfactorily predicted (i.e., not statistically significant differences between measurements and predictions, significant correlation between the data, regression line not significantly different from the identity one) when i) the infiltration run was relatively short (11 applied volumes of water); ii) the n shape parameter of the water retention curve was estimated on the basis of the measured sand and clay content of the soil; and iii) the saturated soil water content, theta(s), was set equal to 93% of the porosity. Possible field saturated soil hydraulic conductivity values were also obtained, although some trace of soil disturbance by the infiltration run was detected. The predicted unsaturated soil hydraulic conductivity was higher than the measured one, probably because the unimodal hydraulic conductivity function used in BEST does not reproduce the changes in the pore system of a real soil in the pressure head range close to saturation. It was concluded that BEST is promising to simply yield a reasonably reliable soil hydraulic characterization. An improved description of the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity function is desirable. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||A test of the Beerkan Estimation of Soil Transfer parameters (BEST) procedure|
BAGARELLO, VINCENZO (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|