This paper presents an easy and low cost synthesis of chelating agents for potential medical and environmental applications, and the evaluation of the stability of their complexes with Fe3+, Al3+, Cu2+ and Zn2+. In the last years, we synthesized and characterized effective iron chelators based on two kojic acid units joined by different linkers in position 6. In this study, we preserved kojic acid (a cheap and non-toxic molecule) as the basic unit but joined the two kojic acid units through ethylene diamine, propylene diamine and butylene diamine by reacting them with the OH groups in position 2. The different anchoring position of the linker, as well as the linker length, can affect both protonation and complex formation equilibria. A thorough study of the protonation and complex formation equilibria of the three ligands toward the metal ions is presented based on combined potentiometric and spectroscopic studies, and 1H NMR. The obtained results allow remarking that the orientation of the oxygen atoms in the kojic acid units, related to the anchoring position of the linker, strongly affects the protonation constants, while the chelating ability is practically unaffected. The trivalent metal ions form stable complexes with a 2:3 metal to ligand stoichiometry through the oxygen donor atoms of the ligands, whereas divalent metal ions form binuclear complexes for which the nitrogen atoms from the linker might be involved in the coordination sphere. The stability of the complexes decreases with linker length, and the selectivity of the ligands toward metal ions grows in the order Zn2+ < Cu2+ < Al3+ < Fe3+.
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|Titolo:||Equilibrium studies of new bis-hydroxypyrone derivatives with Fe3+, Al3+, Cu2+ and Zn2+|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|