Introduction: Metabolic disorders are common amongst HIV-infected patients. Data from real-life setting on the impact of DTG/ABC/3TC in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients are scarce. Methods: We investigated the modification of metabolic profile including fasting glucose, lipid profile and markers of insulin resistance (IR) in experienced patients switching from a boosted protease inhibitors (bPI) or a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based regimen to DTG/ABC/3TC in a prospective, observational, multicenter study. Results: We enrolled 131 HIV-infected patients, of whom 91 (69.5%) males, mean age was 50.5±10.6 years. CDC stage was A in 66 (50.4%) patients, of whom 91 (69.5%) had acquired HIV through sexual contacts. The previous regimen was bPI-based in 79 patients (60.3%) and NNRTI-based in 52 (39.7%). Patients switching from NNRTI showed a significant reduction at week 24 in total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL). Triglycerides/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL) ratio, HDL, median TG and TG/HDL ratio did not show significant modification during follow-up times. Among patients switching from a bPI, we observed a significant reduction in TC and LDL at both follow-up times and a slight increase in HDL. Triglycerides/HDL ratio, median TG and TG/HDL ratio showed a decrease over time that became significant at weeks 24 and 48. Blood glucose levels did not significantly vary during the observation period in patients switching from both bPI and NNRTI-based regimens. Conclusion: Our data suggest an improvement in lipid profile and TG/HDL ratio in pretreated HIV-1-infected patients who switched to DTG/ABC/3TC over 48 weeks, especially in those previously receiving a bPI-based regimen.

Lipid profile improvement in virologically suppressed hiv-1-infected patients switched to dolutegravir/ abacavir/lamivudine: Data from the SCOLTA project / Bagella, P.; Squillace, N.; Ricci, E.; Gulminetti, R.; De Socio, G.; Taramasso, L.; Pellicanò, G.; Menzaghi, B.; Celesia, B.; Dentone, C.; Orofino, G.; Bonfanti, P.; Madeddu, G.. - In: INFECTION AND DRUG RESISTANCE. - ISSN 1178-6973. - 12:(2019), pp. 1385-1391. [10.2147/IDR.S203813]

Lipid profile improvement in virologically suppressed hiv-1-infected patients switched to dolutegravir/ abacavir/lamivudine: Data from the SCOLTA project

Bagella, P.;Madeddu, G.
2019

Abstract

Introduction: Metabolic disorders are common amongst HIV-infected patients. Data from real-life setting on the impact of DTG/ABC/3TC in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients are scarce. Methods: We investigated the modification of metabolic profile including fasting glucose, lipid profile and markers of insulin resistance (IR) in experienced patients switching from a boosted protease inhibitors (bPI) or a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based regimen to DTG/ABC/3TC in a prospective, observational, multicenter study. Results: We enrolled 131 HIV-infected patients, of whom 91 (69.5%) males, mean age was 50.5±10.6 years. CDC stage was A in 66 (50.4%) patients, of whom 91 (69.5%) had acquired HIV through sexual contacts. The previous regimen was bPI-based in 79 patients (60.3%) and NNRTI-based in 52 (39.7%). Patients switching from NNRTI showed a significant reduction at week 24 in total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL). Triglycerides/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL) ratio, HDL, median TG and TG/HDL ratio did not show significant modification during follow-up times. Among patients switching from a bPI, we observed a significant reduction in TC and LDL at both follow-up times and a slight increase in HDL. Triglycerides/HDL ratio, median TG and TG/HDL ratio showed a decrease over time that became significant at weeks 24 and 48. Blood glucose levels did not significantly vary during the observation period in patients switching from both bPI and NNRTI-based regimens. Conclusion: Our data suggest an improvement in lipid profile and TG/HDL ratio in pretreated HIV-1-infected patients who switched to DTG/ABC/3TC over 48 weeks, especially in those previously receiving a bPI-based regimen.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/221952
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