Trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS) is a non-invasive neuromodulation method which is increasingly used for its beneficial effects on symptoms of several neuropsychiatric disorders such as drug-resistant epilepsy. Sites and mechanisms of its action are still unknown. The present study was aimed at investigating the physiological effects of acute TNS on rest electroencephalographic (EEG) activity. EEG was recorded with a 19-channel EEG system from 18 healthy adults who underwent 20 min of sham- and real-TNS (cycles of 30 s ON and 30 s OFF) in two separate sessions. EEG was continuously acquired in the 10-min preceding TNS, during TNS in the "OFF" period and throughout 10 min after TNS. Mean frequency, total power over the 0.5-48 Hz frequency range and absolute power for delta, theta, alpha, beta and gamma bands were analyzed by a discrete Fast Fourier Transform algorithm. Interhemispheric and intrahemispheric coherences were also analyzed for each band at different time points. Intra- and interhemispheric coherences were significantly reduced for the beta frequencies only during real-TNS (p = 0.002 and p = 0.006, respectively). No TNS effect on the power spectra of any band was detected. A trend of increase in the mean EEG frequency total power during real-TNS (p = 0.03) and of decrease in interhemispheric gamma coherence after real-TNS (p = 0.01) was observed. Acute TNS may induce a spatially diffuse desynchronization of fast EEG rhythms in healthy adults, this desynchronization may underpin the antiepileptic effect of TNS described by clinical studies.
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|Titolo:||Effects of acute trigeminal nerve stimulation on rest EEG activity in healthy adults|
DERIU, Franca (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|