BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) occurs in subjects positive for HLA-DQ2 and/or DQ8 gene loci at any age following ingestion of gluten-containing food. An increased permeability of the mucosa allows interactions between gliadin macromolecules and genetic factors. It has been observed that Helicobacter pylori has the ability to modulate the integrity of the duodenal epithelium. We aimed to determine whether H. pylori infection may enhance the occurrence of CD in genetically susceptible subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study. Patients undergoing upper endoscopy for any reason and positive for HLA-DQ2 and/or DQ8 haplotypes with or without CD were included. H. pylori infection was defined as a positive gastric histopathology and/or 13C-urea breath test. Prevalence of infection was compared between enrolled subjects with and without CD. Multiple logistic regression analysis, adjusting odds ratios for patient age, gender, smoking habit, residency, body mass index, and assumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) were performed. RESULTS: A total of 397 genetically susceptible individuals (mean age: 37.7 ± 15.3 years; 86% women) were enrolled between October 2014 and October 2017. There were 265 (68%) patients with a diagnosis of CD. Overall, the prevalence of H. pylori infection was 33% and was similar in patients with and without CD (32% vs 36%). Adjustment for all covariates did not reveal any significant association, although adjusted odds ratio (OR) for CD was higher in female (OR = 1.302), in patients H. pylori positive (OR = 1.277), followed by use of NSAIDs (OR = 1.126), respectively. The use of PPIs appeared to be mildly protective against CD (OR = 0.644). CONCLUSION: Our study did not reveal any significant relationship between H. pylori and CD risk, even taking into account other confounders. More importantly, our findings do not support a "protective" role of H. pylori infection against CD, as previously reported. Therefore, there are no reasons to avoid eradication of H. pylori also in subject genetically susceptible for CD.
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|Titolo:||Helicobacter pylori infection and occurrence of celiac disease in subjects HLA DQ2/DQ8 positive: a prospective study|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|