The molecular basis of β-thalassemia (β-thal) mutations in North and in South Vietnam have been described during the past 15 years, whereas limited data were available concerning the central area of the country. In this study, we describe the molecular characterization and frequency of β-globin gene mutations in the Thua Thien Hue Province of Central Vietnam as the result of a first survey conducted in 22 transfusion-dependent patients, and four unrelated heterozygotes. Nine different known mutations were identified (seven of the β(0) and two of the β(+) type) in a total of 48 chromosomes. The most common was codon 26 (G>A) or Hb E (HBB: c.79 G>A) accounting for 29.2% of the total studied chromosomes, followed by codon 17 (A>T) (HBB: c.52 A>T) (25.0%), and codons 41/42 (-TTCT) (HBB: c.126_129delCTTT) (18.8%). Other mutations with appreciable frequencies (6.3-8.3%) were IVS-I-1 (G>T) (HBB: c.92+1 G>T), codon 26 (G>T) (HBB: c.79 G>T) and codons 71/72 (+A) (HBB: c.216_217insA). Relatively rarer (2.0%) were the promoter -28 (A>G) (HBB: c.78 A>G) mutation, the codon 95 (+A) (HBB: c.287_288insA), which is reported only in the Vietnamese, and the codons 14/15 (+G) (HBB: c.45_46insG) mutation, thus far observed only in Thailand. Results are relevant for implementing appropriate measures for β-thal prevention and control in the region as well as in the whole country.

Molecular Characterization of β-Thalassemia Mutations in Central Vietnam / Doro, Maria G; Casu, Giuseppina; Frogheri, Laura; Persico, Ivana; Triet, Le Phan Minh; Hoa, Phan Thi Thuy; Hoang, Nguyen Huy; Pirastru, Monica; Mereu, Paolo; Cucca, Francesco; Masala, Bruno Lucio. - In: HEMOGLOBIN. - ISSN 0363-0269. - 3:(2017), pp. 1-4. [10.1080/03630269.2017.1321013]

Molecular Characterization of β-Thalassemia Mutations in Central Vietnam

PIRASTRU, Monica;MEREU, Paolo;CUCCA, Francesco;MASALA, Bruno Lucio
2017

Abstract

The molecular basis of β-thalassemia (β-thal) mutations in North and in South Vietnam have been described during the past 15 years, whereas limited data were available concerning the central area of the country. In this study, we describe the molecular characterization and frequency of β-globin gene mutations in the Thua Thien Hue Province of Central Vietnam as the result of a first survey conducted in 22 transfusion-dependent patients, and four unrelated heterozygotes. Nine different known mutations were identified (seven of the β(0) and two of the β(+) type) in a total of 48 chromosomes. The most common was codon 26 (G>A) or Hb E (HBB: c.79 G>A) accounting for 29.2% of the total studied chromosomes, followed by codon 17 (A>T) (HBB: c.52 A>T) (25.0%), and codons 41/42 (-TTCT) (HBB: c.126_129delCTTT) (18.8%). Other mutations with appreciable frequencies (6.3-8.3%) were IVS-I-1 (G>T) (HBB: c.92+1 G>T), codon 26 (G>T) (HBB: c.79 G>T) and codons 71/72 (+A) (HBB: c.216_217insA). Relatively rarer (2.0%) were the promoter -28 (A>G) (HBB: c.78 A>G) mutation, the codon 95 (+A) (HBB: c.287_288insA), which is reported only in the Vietnamese, and the codons 14/15 (+G) (HBB: c.45_46insG) mutation, thus far observed only in Thailand. Results are relevant for implementing appropriate measures for β-thal prevention and control in the region as well as in the whole country.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/179386
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