Introduction: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is an emerging cancer entity of the liver, associated with poor outcome and characterized by resistance to conventional chemotherapeutic treatments. In the last decade, many signaling pathways associated with CCA development and progression have been identified and are currently under intense investigation. Cumulating evidence indicates that the Notch cascade, a highly-conserved pathway in most multicellular organisms, is a critical player both in liver malignant transformation and tumor aggressiveness, thus representing a potential therapeutic target in this pernicious disease. Areas covered: In the present review article, we comprehensively summarize and critically discuss the current knowledge on the Notch pathway, its specific and key roles in cholangiocarcinogenesis, the treatment strategies aimed at suppressing this signaling cascade in cancer, and the encouraging results coming from preclinical trials. Expert opinion: The Notch pathway represents a major driver of carcinogenesis and a promising therapeutic target in human CCA. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms triggered by the Notch pathway as well as its functional crosstalk with other signaling cascade will be highly helpful for the design of innovative therapies against human CCA.

Role of the Notch signaling in cholangiocarcinoma / Cigliano, Antonio; Wang, Jingxiao; Chen, Xin; Calvisi, Diego Francesco. - In: EXPERT OPINION ON THERAPEUTIC TARGETS. - ISSN 1472-8222. - 21:5(2017), pp. 471-483. [10.1080/14728222.2017.1310842]

Role of the Notch signaling in cholangiocarcinoma

CIGLIANO, Antonio;CALVISI, Diego Francesco
2017

Abstract

Introduction: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is an emerging cancer entity of the liver, associated with poor outcome and characterized by resistance to conventional chemotherapeutic treatments. In the last decade, many signaling pathways associated with CCA development and progression have been identified and are currently under intense investigation. Cumulating evidence indicates that the Notch cascade, a highly-conserved pathway in most multicellular organisms, is a critical player both in liver malignant transformation and tumor aggressiveness, thus representing a potential therapeutic target in this pernicious disease. Areas covered: In the present review article, we comprehensively summarize and critically discuss the current knowledge on the Notch pathway, its specific and key roles in cholangiocarcinogenesis, the treatment strategies aimed at suppressing this signaling cascade in cancer, and the encouraging results coming from preclinical trials. Expert opinion: The Notch pathway represents a major driver of carcinogenesis and a promising therapeutic target in human CCA. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms triggered by the Notch pathway as well as its functional crosstalk with other signaling cascade will be highly helpful for the design of innovative therapies against human CCA.
Role of the Notch signaling in cholangiocarcinoma / Cigliano, Antonio; Wang, Jingxiao; Chen, Xin; Calvisi, Diego Francesco. - In: EXPERT OPINION ON THERAPEUTIC TARGETS. - ISSN 1472-8222. - 21:5(2017), pp. 471-483. [10.1080/14728222.2017.1310842]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/178242
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