Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the 51V hyperfine coupling (HFC) tensor A have been completed for 20 "bare" VIV complexes with different donor sets, electric charges, and coordination geometries. Calculations were performed with ORCA and Gaussian software, using functionals BP86, TPSS0, B1LYP, PBE0, B3LYP, B3P, B3PW, O3LYP, BHandHLYP, BHandH, and B2PLYP. Among the basis sets, 6-311g(d,p), 6-311++g(d,p), VTZ, cc-pVTZ, def2-TZVPP, and the "core properties" CP(PPP) were tested. The experimental Aiso and Ai (where i = x or z, depending on the geometry and electronic structure of VIV complex) were compared with the values calculated by DFT methods. The results indicated that, based on the mean absolute percentage deviation (MAPD), the best functional to predict Aiso or Ai is the double hybrid B2PLYP. With this functional and the basis set VTZ, it is possible to predict the Aiso and Az of the EPR spectrum of amavadin with deviations of -1.1% and -2.0% from the experimental values. The results allowed us to divide the spectra of nonoxido VIV compounds in three types - called "type 1", "type 2", and "type 3", characterized by different composition of the singly occupied molecular orbital (SOMO) and relationship between the values of Ax, Ay, and Az. For "type 1" spectra, Az ≫ Ax ≈ Ay and Az is in the range of (135-155) × 10-4 cm-1 for "type 2" spectra, Ax ≈ Ay ≫ Az and Ax ≈ Ay are in the range of (90-120) × 10-4 cm-1 and for the intermediate spectra of "type 3", Az > Ay > Ax or Ax > Ay > Az, with Az or Ax values in the range of (120-135) × 10-4 cm-1. The electronic structure of the VIV species was also discussed, and the results showed that the values of Ax or Az are correlated with the percent contribution of V-dxy orbital in the SOMO. Similarly to VIVO species, for amavadin the SOMO is based mainly on the V-dxy orbital, and this accounts for the large experimental value of Az (153 × 10-4 cm-1).
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|Titolo:||Nonoxido VIV complexes: Prediction of the EPR spectrum and electronic structure of simple coordination compounds and amavadin|
GARRIBBA, Eugenio (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|