Objective To explore the potential presence of a social/behavioural gradient in dental health among Italian adults using a cross-sectional study. Methods Caries indices were recorded among 480 subjects (52.9% men, 47.1% women) who also completed a structured self-administered social and behavioural questionnaire. A social/behavioural gradient was generated as the sum of the worst circumstances recorded on the questionnaire (cariogenic diet, smoking, lowest occupational profile, brushing teeth < twice daily, lowest educational level, uneven dental examination attendance). Results Caries figures (DMFT) and the number of filled sound teeth (FS-T) were statistically significantly linked to the social/behavioural gradient (DMFT: χ2(9) = 20.17 p = 0.02, Z = 0.02 p = 0.99; FS-T: χ2(9) = 25.68 p < 0.01, Z = -4.31 p < 0.01). DMFT was statistically significantly associated with gender and with social and behavioural variables. FS-T was higher in women (p = 0.03) and was linked to smoking ( p < 0.01). Conclusions The proposed social/behavioural gradient demonstrated how subjects reporting the worst circumstances on the questionnaire exhibited the worst dental health. The use of the gradient demonstrates that health promotion and prevention cannot be compartmentalized.

Does a social/behavioural gradient in dental health exist among adults? A cross-sectional study / Arrica, M; Carta, G; Cocco, F; Cagetti, Mg; Campus, G; Ierardo, G; Ottolenghi, L; Sale, S; Strohmenger, L; 3, .. - In: JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0300-0605. - 45:2(2017), pp. 451-461. [doi: 10.1177/0300060516675682.]

Does a social/behavioural gradient in dental health exist among adults? A cross-sectional study.

ARRICA, MARIANTONIETTA;CARTA, Giovanna;COCCO, Fabio;CAMPUS, Guglielmo Giuseppe;OTTOLENGHI, Livia;SALE, Silvana;STROHMENGER, Laura;
2017

Abstract

Objective To explore the potential presence of a social/behavioural gradient in dental health among Italian adults using a cross-sectional study. Methods Caries indices were recorded among 480 subjects (52.9% men, 47.1% women) who also completed a structured self-administered social and behavioural questionnaire. A social/behavioural gradient was generated as the sum of the worst circumstances recorded on the questionnaire (cariogenic diet, smoking, lowest occupational profile, brushing teeth < twice daily, lowest educational level, uneven dental examination attendance). Results Caries figures (DMFT) and the number of filled sound teeth (FS-T) were statistically significantly linked to the social/behavioural gradient (DMFT: χ2(9) = 20.17 p = 0.02, Z = 0.02 p = 0.99; FS-T: χ2(9) = 25.68 p < 0.01, Z = -4.31 p < 0.01). DMFT was statistically significantly associated with gender and with social and behavioural variables. FS-T was higher in women (p = 0.03) and was linked to smoking ( p < 0.01). Conclusions The proposed social/behavioural gradient demonstrated how subjects reporting the worst circumstances on the questionnaire exhibited the worst dental health. The use of the gradient demonstrates that health promotion and prevention cannot be compartmentalized.
Does a social/behavioural gradient in dental health exist among adults? A cross-sectional study / Arrica, M; Carta, G; Cocco, F; Cagetti, Mg; Campus, G; Ierardo, G; Ottolenghi, L; Sale, S; Strohmenger, L; 3, .. - In: JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0300-0605. - 45:2(2017), pp. 451-461. [doi: 10.1177/0300060516675682.]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/175103
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