In spite of the global reputation of ethanol as the psychopharmacologically active ingredient of alcoholic drinks, the neurobiological basis of the central effects of ethanol still presents some dark sides due to a number of unanswered questions related to both its precise mechanism of action and its metabolism. Accordingly, ethanol represents the interesting example of a compound whose actions cannot be explained as simply due to the involvement of a single receptor/neurotransmitter, a scenario further complicated by the robust evidence that two main metabolites, acetaldehyde and salsolinol, exert many effects similar to those of their parent compound. The present review recapitulates, in a perspective manner, the major and most recent advances that in the last decades boosted a significant growth in the understanding on the role of ethanol metabolism, in particular, in the neurobiological basis of its central effects.
From Ethanol to Salsolinol: Role of Ethanol Metabolites in the Effects of Ethanol / Peana, Alessandra Tiziana; Rosas, M.; Porru, S.; Acquas, E.. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 1179-0695. - 10:1(2016), pp. 137-146. [10.4137/JEn.s25099]