Codon bias is the non-random use of synonymous codons, a phenomenon that has been observed in species as diverse as bacteria, plants and mammals. The preferential use of particular synonymous codons may reflect neutral mechanisms (e.g. mutational bias, G|C-biased gene conversion, genetic drift) and/or selection for mRNA stability, translational efficiency and accuracy. The extent to which these different factors influence codon usage is unknown, so we dissected the contribution of mutational bias and selection towards codon bias in genes from 15 eudicots, 4 monocots and 2 mosses. We analysed the frequency of mononucleotides, dinucleotides and trinucleotides and investigated whether the compositional genomic background could account for the observed codon usage profiles. Neutral forces such as mutational pressure and G|C-biased gene conversion appeared to underlie most of the observed codon bias, although there was also evidence for the selection of optimal translational efficiency and mRNA folding. Our data confirmed the compositional differences between monocots and dicots, with the former featuring in general a lower background compositional bias but a higher overall codon bias.

New insights into the interplay between codon bias determinants in plants / Camiolo, Salvatore; Melito, Sara; Porceddu, Andrea. - In: DNA RESEARCH. - ISSN 1340-2838. - 22:6(2015), pp. 461-469. [10.1093/dnares/dsv027]

New insights into the interplay between codon bias determinants in plants

CAMIOLO, Salvatore;MELITO, Sara;PORCEDDU, Andrea
2015

Abstract

Codon bias is the non-random use of synonymous codons, a phenomenon that has been observed in species as diverse as bacteria, plants and mammals. The preferential use of particular synonymous codons may reflect neutral mechanisms (e.g. mutational bias, G|C-biased gene conversion, genetic drift) and/or selection for mRNA stability, translational efficiency and accuracy. The extent to which these different factors influence codon usage is unknown, so we dissected the contribution of mutational bias and selection towards codon bias in genes from 15 eudicots, 4 monocots and 2 mosses. We analysed the frequency of mononucleotides, dinucleotides and trinucleotides and investigated whether the compositional genomic background could account for the observed codon usage profiles. Neutral forces such as mutational pressure and G|C-biased gene conversion appeared to underlie most of the observed codon bias, although there was also evidence for the selection of optimal translational efficiency and mRNA folding. Our data confirmed the compositional differences between monocots and dicots, with the former featuring in general a lower background compositional bias but a higher overall codon bias.
New insights into the interplay between codon bias determinants in plants / Camiolo, Salvatore; Melito, Sara; Porceddu, Andrea. - In: DNA RESEARCH. - ISSN 1340-2838. - 22:6(2015), pp. 461-469. [10.1093/dnares/dsv027]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/166132
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