PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to describe all the treatment modalities used to prevent and manage macular oedema in diabetic patients undergoing cataract surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Topical NSAIDs have been proposed to be an effective strategy to prevent postsurgical macular oedema (PME) in diabetic patients. The prophylactic use of intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factors (anti-VEGF) drugs and steroids in these patients, even if effective, brings some concerns with regard to possible side effects. By contrast, in patients with a diagnosis of diabetic macular oedema (DME) at the time of cataract surgery, intravitreal therapy, both with anti-VEGF drugs and steroids, appears to be the best approach in order to control PME and achieve a good visual outcome. CONCLUSION: All diabetic patients undergoing cataract surgery should be treated with topical NSAIDs to prevent PME. Intravitreal anti-VEGF drugs and steroids, combined with cataract surgery, should be reserved for patients with preexisting DME.
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|Titolo:||Management of macular oedema in diabetic patients undergoing cataract surgery|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|