The theoretical results relevant to the vibration modes of Timoshenko beams are here used as benchmarks for assessing the correctness of the numerical values provided by several finite element models, based on either the traditional Lagrangian interpolation or on the recently developed isogeometric approach. Comparison of results is performed on both spectrum error (in terms of the detected natural frequencies) and on the l2 relative error (in terms of the computed eigenmodes): this double check allows detecting for each finite element model, and for a discretization based on the same number of degrees-of-freedom, N, the frequency threshold above which some prescribed accuracy level is lost, and results become more and more unreliable. Hence a quantitative way of measuring the finite element performance in modeling a Timoshenko beam is proposed. The use of Fast Fourier Transform is finally employed, for a selected set of vibration modes, to explain the reasons of the accuracy decay, mostly linked to a poor separation of the natural frequencies in the spectrum, which is responsible of some aliasing of modes.
An analytical assessment of finite element and isogeometric analyses of the whole spectrum of Timoshenko beams / Cazzani, Antonio; Stochino, Flavio; Turco, Emilio. - In: ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANGEWANDTE MATHEMATIK UND MECHANIK. - ISSN 0044-2267. - 96:10(2016), pp. 1220-1244. [10.1002/zamm.201500280]