Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. It is of worldwide importance, and is widespread in the Mediterranean region and Middle East. This tapeworm shows great intraspecific variation in relation to host specificity, epidemiology and morphology. This variability led in previous years to the identification of ten (G1-G10) different genotypes of the parasite. Cerebral localization of E. granulosus is not common: it especially affects children and is more frequently located in the supratentorial region. It can be life-threatening due to its localization in eloquent areas especially in the posterior fossa. Despite the benign nature of hydatid cyst, invasion of critical areas may cause significant mortality and morbidity in some patients. Urgent surgical decompression and adjuvant medical treatment must be employed as soon as possible in these patients. We present a clinical case of life-threatening brainstem compression in a child due to a rare form of CE which was confirmed with biomolecular techniques. She presented with respiratory distress and progressive quadriparesis. All cysts were removed by microsurgical technique and albendazole was given postoperatively for one year with regular follow-ups.

A life-threatening brainstem compression by cerebral Echinococcus granulosus / Karakoç, Zehra Cagla; Kasimcan, Mustafa Omür; Pipia, Anna Paola; Tore, Gessica; Alberti, Alberto; Varcasia, Antonio; Sav, Aydin; Oruçkaptan, Hakan. - In: LE INFEZIONI IN MEDICINA. - ISSN 1124-9390. - 24:1(2016), p. 62-6.

A life-threatening brainstem compression by cerebral Echinococcus granulosus

ALBERTI, Alberto;VARCASIA, Antonio;
2016-01-01

Abstract

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. It is of worldwide importance, and is widespread in the Mediterranean region and Middle East. This tapeworm shows great intraspecific variation in relation to host specificity, epidemiology and morphology. This variability led in previous years to the identification of ten (G1-G10) different genotypes of the parasite. Cerebral localization of E. granulosus is not common: it especially affects children and is more frequently located in the supratentorial region. It can be life-threatening due to its localization in eloquent areas especially in the posterior fossa. Despite the benign nature of hydatid cyst, invasion of critical areas may cause significant mortality and morbidity in some patients. Urgent surgical decompression and adjuvant medical treatment must be employed as soon as possible in these patients. We present a clinical case of life-threatening brainstem compression in a child due to a rare form of CE which was confirmed with biomolecular techniques. She presented with respiratory distress and progressive quadriparesis. All cysts were removed by microsurgical technique and albendazole was given postoperatively for one year with regular follow-ups.
2016
A life-threatening brainstem compression by cerebral Echinococcus granulosus / Karakoç, Zehra Cagla; Kasimcan, Mustafa Omür; Pipia, Anna Paola; Tore, Gessica; Alberti, Alberto; Varcasia, Antonio; Sav, Aydin; Oruçkaptan, Hakan. - In: LE INFEZIONI IN MEDICINA. - ISSN 1124-9390. - 24:1(2016), p. 62-6.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/160641
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