Aim-Background: Recurrent pleural effusion is frequently observed in clinical experience and malignancy is one of the most frequent causes. Although it is generally necessary to prevent the recurrence of effusion in patients with disseminated neoplastic disease, in others, a diagnosis is required. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of biopsy and pleurodesis by a single access videothoracoscopic approach. Methods: We report a consecutive series of 20 patients (12 men, 8 women, aged 39 to 83 years) who underwent single access videothoracoscopy with pleural biopsy and talc pleurodesis for recurrent pleural effusion. In all cases, indication for the procedure was a recurrent pleural effusion, suspicious for malignancy. Videothoracoscopy was performed under general anaesthesia. For pleurodesis, an average of 8g of sterile talc powder was used. A six-month follow-up was completed for all patients, and efficacy was judged by clinical examination and chest X-ray. Results: Diagnosis was obtained in all cases. In five cases, the diagnosis was a pleural involvement by breast cancer metastasis, and in four cases, a primary lung cancer was detected. Eight were mesotheliomas and one a parapneumonic collection. In two cases, an unknown-malignancy recurrent pleural effusion was observed. No deaths, talc-induced ARDS or malignant invasion of the scar occurred, but only a postoperative empyema and two subcutaneous emphysemas treated successfully without further operation. Conclusions: Single access videothoracoscopic pleural biopsy and talc pleurodesis is a safe and effective method for the diagnosis and treatment of malignant pleural effusions.

Single Access Videothoracoscopic Biopsy and Talc Pleurodesis in Patients With Malignant Pleural Effusion / Attene, Federico; Paliogiannis, Panagiotis; Scognamillo, F; Marrosu, A; Trignano, Mario. - In: ELLINIKI CHEIROURGIKI. - ISSN 0018-0092. - 84:4(2012), pp. 304-307.

Single Access Videothoracoscopic Biopsy and Talc Pleurodesis in Patients With Malignant Pleural Effusion

ATTENE, Federico
;
PALIOGIANNIS, Panagiotis;TRIGNANO, Mario
2012

Abstract

Aim-Background: Recurrent pleural effusion is frequently observed in clinical experience and malignancy is one of the most frequent causes. Although it is generally necessary to prevent the recurrence of effusion in patients with disseminated neoplastic disease, in others, a diagnosis is required. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of biopsy and pleurodesis by a single access videothoracoscopic approach. Methods: We report a consecutive series of 20 patients (12 men, 8 women, aged 39 to 83 years) who underwent single access videothoracoscopy with pleural biopsy and talc pleurodesis for recurrent pleural effusion. In all cases, indication for the procedure was a recurrent pleural effusion, suspicious for malignancy. Videothoracoscopy was performed under general anaesthesia. For pleurodesis, an average of 8g of sterile talc powder was used. A six-month follow-up was completed for all patients, and efficacy was judged by clinical examination and chest X-ray. Results: Diagnosis was obtained in all cases. In five cases, the diagnosis was a pleural involvement by breast cancer metastasis, and in four cases, a primary lung cancer was detected. Eight were mesotheliomas and one a parapneumonic collection. In two cases, an unknown-malignancy recurrent pleural effusion was observed. No deaths, talc-induced ARDS or malignant invasion of the scar occurred, but only a postoperative empyema and two subcutaneous emphysemas treated successfully without further operation. Conclusions: Single access videothoracoscopic pleural biopsy and talc pleurodesis is a safe and effective method for the diagnosis and treatment of malignant pleural effusions.
Single Access Videothoracoscopic Biopsy and Talc Pleurodesis in Patients With Malignant Pleural Effusion / Attene, Federico; Paliogiannis, Panagiotis; Scognamillo, F; Marrosu, A; Trignano, Mario. - In: ELLINIKI CHEIROURGIKI. - ISSN 0018-0092. - 84:4(2012), pp. 304-307.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/156111
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