This research was aiming to evaluate in Lebanon the prudent use of veterinary antibiotics and the prevalence of antibiotic residues in raw cow’s milk. A first survey concerning antibiotics and their utilization was carried out involving 100 farmers, developing a specific questionnaire. The results have shown that most of the Lebanese dairy farmers have a very low knowledge level about antibiotics. A second study to investigate the occurrence of veterinary drug residues in dairy raw milk produced in the seven Lebanese Governorates was also carried out. A total of 1020 raw milk samples that covers big and medium size dairy farms and dairy raw milk collection centers were collected. Samples were tested using a microbiological test for inhibitors, lateral flow test for residues and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) test. Results show that using microbiological test, 22% (220) out of 1020 collected samples were double positive for inhibitors. HPLC-DAD test results showed that out of 220 double positive samples tested with microbiological test, 143 (65%) samples were contaminated with penicillin G (53.6%), tetracycline (23.1%) and florfenicol (22.7%). Charm® TRIO and AMPH tests revealed that out of arbitrary 95 positive samples tested using HPLC, 92 samples were contaminated with penicillin G (62.1%), tetracycline (43.2%), amphenicol (40%) and sulfa drugs (32.6%).

Prevalence and identification of antibiotic residues in dairy cow’s bulk tank milk produced in Lebanon / Abou Haydar, Simon. - (2020 Feb 07).

Prevalence and identification of antibiotic residues in dairy cow’s bulk tank milk produced in Lebanon

ABOU HAYDAR, SIMON
2020-02-07

Abstract

This research was aiming to evaluate in Lebanon the prudent use of veterinary antibiotics and the prevalence of antibiotic residues in raw cow’s milk. A first survey concerning antibiotics and their utilization was carried out involving 100 farmers, developing a specific questionnaire. The results have shown that most of the Lebanese dairy farmers have a very low knowledge level about antibiotics. A second study to investigate the occurrence of veterinary drug residues in dairy raw milk produced in the seven Lebanese Governorates was also carried out. A total of 1020 raw milk samples that covers big and medium size dairy farms and dairy raw milk collection centers were collected. Samples were tested using a microbiological test for inhibitors, lateral flow test for residues and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) test. Results show that using microbiological test, 22% (220) out of 1020 collected samples were double positive for inhibitors. HPLC-DAD test results showed that out of 220 double positive samples tested with microbiological test, 143 (65%) samples were contaminated with penicillin G (53.6%), tetracycline (23.1%) and florfenicol (22.7%). Charm® TRIO and AMPH tests revealed that out of arbitrary 95 positive samples tested using HPLC, 92 samples were contaminated with penicillin G (62.1%), tetracycline (43.2%), amphenicol (40%) and sulfa drugs (32.6%).
Antibiotic; residues; veterinary; Lebanon; cow’s raw milk; milk and dairy chain; official control; Codex Alimentarius; inhibitors test; lateral flow test; HPLC
Prevalence and identification of antibiotic residues in dairy cow’s bulk tank milk produced in Lebanon / Abou Haydar, Simon. - (2020 Feb 07).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/250195
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