SREBP‐1 (Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein) is a transcription factor that regulates the expression levels of some genes and plays a central role in energy homeostasis. The aim of the present study was to screen for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or insertions/deletions in the exon 14 and intron 5 of the SREBP‐1 gene in Mediterranean Italian Buffaloes. Twenty multiparous buffalo cows were randomly chosen from one farm located in Sardinia. From each buffalo cow a blood sample was taken to perform DNA extraction and PCR‐SSCP analysis of the fragments above. Twenty PCR products for each fragment were sequenced in both directions, then compared and aligned with sequence of Bos taurus (GenBank AAFC03008483). The comparison between the sequence of exon 14 and intron 5 from buffalo with that of the cattle showed homology of 96%. Our data showed no variation in exon 14 and intron 5 of the SREBP‐1 gene in Mediterranean Buffalo contrarily to that found in cattle. However, to extend the knowledge about SREBP‐1 gene, in Mediterranean Italian buffaloes, would be necessary to enlarge the number of samples and to study other parts of this gene.
Characterization of exon 14 and intron 5 of the SREBP-1 gene in mediterranean italian buffaloes / Daga, Cinzia; Luridiana, Sebastiano; Mura, Maria Consuelo; Cosso, G.; Diaz, M. L.; Bini, Pier Paolo; Carcangiu, Vincenzo. - 21:(2014), pp. 266-270. ((Intervento presentato al convegno XXI INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE MEDITERRANEAN FEDERATION FOR HEALTH AND PRODUCTION OF RUMINANTS tenutosi a CARTAGENA nel APRIL 23rd – 26th, 2014.