The neuropathies of the peripheral and central nervous systems can be caused by hyper -glycemia, a consequence of the deregulation of glucose, resulting in an increase in reactive oxygen species, with subsequent cellular lesions and impairment of cytoskeletal components (Maritim et al. 2003; Allen et al. 2005; Drel et al. 2006; Gadau et al., 2009). Microtubules, one component of the cytoskeleton, are composed of heterodimers of α- and α-tubulin, mainly α-tubulin, may receives diverse post-translational modifications, consisting in tyrosination, detyrosination, acetylation, nitrotyrosination, polyglycylation, polyglutamylation, phosphori -lation, palmytoylation (Westermann and Weber, 2003; Fukushima et al., 2009). in the present work attention has been paid on the possible nitrosative effect of high glucose conditions on microtubular network in a rat shwannoma cell line. Cells incubated for 72hrs in the presen-ce of 180 mM D-glucose revealed alterations in cell morphology, growth rate and catalase activity in comparison with controls. in addition, an increase in acetylated α-tubulin and ni -trotyrosine and a downregulation of total, tyrosinated and detyrosinated α-tubulin was found with Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence. no significant changes in other cytoske -letal components such as actin and GFAP was seen. our work underlined that high glucose can selectively affects microtubular network in schwannoma cells, exerting its detrimental effect either through a nitrosylation of tubulin or through the possible inhibition of deacetyla -se enzymes, with subsequent impairment of microtubular functionality.
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|Titolo:||MODIFICAZIONI MICROTUBULARI OSSIDATIVO-INDOTTE IN UNA LINEA DI CELLULE DI SCHWANNOMA DI RATTO SOTTOPOSTE A CONDIZIONI DI IPERGLICEMIA SPERIMENTALE|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|