The Congress is intended as a forum for sharing Mediterranean experiences in the cork industry: from the conservation and sustainable management of cork forests to the aspects of industrial processes and alternative uses to cork stopper production. The Congress is held in Sardinia, an island in the centre of the Western Mediterranean, where many rural landscapes are characterised by cork trees, which thus have environmental and economic value, and, hence also social value. Sardinia is home to approximately 80% of Italy’s cork oak forests. The application of Regulation (EEC) No 2080/92 instituting a Community aid scheme for forestry measures in agriculture and of the following. Regional implementing regulation have seen a marked preference by farmers for cork oak over other tree species: thus about 10,000 ha of cork stands have been planted, in addition to the existing 83,000 ha of specialised cork stands. The Region’s production, which is 5% of global output, covers approximately 50% of the demand from the local processing industry; the rest is covered by regular imports from the Iberian Peninsula, North Africa and nearby Corsica. The presence of a dynamic industry, with processing facilities concentrated in upper Gallura, increases the importance of the supply chain. There are also agro-forestry systems based on the cork oak (wooded pastures similar to the Iberians montados) where the soil is often cultivated with fall-winter grasses for dairy sheep. The Region’s main sheep’s milk product is hard salty cheese (pecorino romano) and fluctuations in the prices of sheep’s milk and natural cork determine the degree of pressure exerted by entrepreneurs on the forests’ structure. Thus, Sardinia constitutes an interesting case study because it features: - Vast forests of cork oaks owned by regional and/or municipal public authorities, managed with sustainable and multifunctional systems, with high-growing trees and certification of the production process - Privately-owned land with limited shrub vegetation to improve cork productivity and control defects caused by excessive humidity - Agro-forestry systems (with beef cattle in Gallura and dairy sheep in Central Sardinia) with high natural and cultural value (HNV) - Large processing industries (Gallura) and small and medium-sized processing enterprises spread across Central-northern Sardinia. The two-day event will focus on the exchange of experiences between the local research and industry players and international players, and will provide an update on rural development policies. It will also provide an opportunity to discuss the guidelines contained in the National Cork Plan currently being drafted on the initiative of the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, addressing one of the themes of the First National Conference on Cork held in Sassari in May 1934.

Il congresso affronta le principali tematiche della filiera, dalla biodiversità alla pianificazione forestale, dall’economia alla trasformazione industriale del sughero, con l'intenzione di fare il punto della situazione e svolgere un ruolo di raccordo sia tra ricercatori delle due sponde del Mediterraneo sia tra il mondo della ricerca e quello dell’industria.

International congress on cork oak trees and woodlands: conservation, management, products and challenges for the future: book of abstracts(2017). ((Intervento presentato al convegno International congress on cork oak trees and woodlands: conservation, management, products and challenges for the future: book of abstracts [10.14275/978-88-907678-0-7].

International congress on cork oak trees and woodlands: conservation, management, products and challenges for the future: book of abstracts

DETTORI, Sandro;FILIGHEDDU, Maria Rosaria;CILLARA, Marcello
2017

Abstract

Il congresso affronta le principali tematiche della filiera, dalla biodiversità alla pianificazione forestale, dall’economia alla trasformazione industriale del sughero, con l'intenzione di fare il punto della situazione e svolgere un ruolo di raccordo sia tra ricercatori delle due sponde del Mediterraneo sia tra il mondo della ricerca e quello dell’industria.
978-88-907678-0-7
The Congress is intended as a forum for sharing Mediterranean experiences in the cork industry: from the conservation and sustainable management of cork forests to the aspects of industrial processes and alternative uses to cork stopper production. The Congress is held in Sardinia, an island in the centre of the Western Mediterranean, where many rural landscapes are characterised by cork trees, which thus have environmental and economic value, and, hence also social value. Sardinia is home to approximately 80% of Italy’s cork oak forests. The application of Regulation (EEC) No 2080/92 instituting a Community aid scheme for forestry measures in agriculture and of the following. Regional implementing regulation have seen a marked preference by farmers for cork oak over other tree species: thus about 10,000 ha of cork stands have been planted, in addition to the existing 83,000 ha of specialised cork stands. The Region’s production, which is 5% of global output, covers approximately 50% of the demand from the local processing industry; the rest is covered by regular imports from the Iberian Peninsula, North Africa and nearby Corsica. The presence of a dynamic industry, with processing facilities concentrated in upper Gallura, increases the importance of the supply chain. There are also agro-forestry systems based on the cork oak (wooded pastures similar to the Iberians montados) where the soil is often cultivated with fall-winter grasses for dairy sheep. The Region’s main sheep’s milk product is hard salty cheese (pecorino romano) and fluctuations in the prices of sheep’s milk and natural cork determine the degree of pressure exerted by entrepreneurs on the forests’ structure. Thus, Sardinia constitutes an interesting case study because it features: - Vast forests of cork oaks owned by regional and/or municipal public authorities, managed with sustainable and multifunctional systems, with high-growing trees and certification of the production process - Privately-owned land with limited shrub vegetation to improve cork productivity and control defects caused by excessive humidity - Agro-forestry systems (with beef cattle in Gallura and dairy sheep in Central Sardinia) with high natural and cultural value (HNV) - Large processing industries (Gallura) and small and medium-sized processing enterprises spread across Central-northern Sardinia. The two-day event will focus on the exchange of experiences between the local research and industry players and international players, and will provide an update on rural development policies. It will also provide an opportunity to discuss the guidelines contained in the National Cork Plan currently being drafted on the initiative of the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, addressing one of the themes of the First National Conference on Cork held in Sassari in May 1934.
International congress on cork oak trees and woodlands: conservation, management, products and challenges for the future: book of abstracts(2017). ((Intervento presentato al convegno International congress on cork oak trees and woodlands: conservation, management, products and challenges for the future: book of abstracts [10.14275/978-88-907678-0-7].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/178471
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