Simple Summary The effects of different diets on the biochemical parameters and fatty acid profile of dogs' blood were investigated. The dog diet is normally composed of chicken or fish meat, which represents a good source of protein and fat. However, fish and chicken meat contain a high amount of lipids susceptible to oxidation, which could alter the beneficial effects of the dog food. The addition of antioxidant compounds to the diet might improve the quality of the diet and, consequently, the health of the animals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of two commercially available fish- (FH) and chicken (CH)-based diets and the same diets combined with antioxidant compounds, e.g., FH-AOX and CH-AOX, respectively, on biochemical parameters and blood fatty acid (FA) profile. For this purpose, 28 dogs were allocated to four groups and fed the four diets for six months. Blood samples were taken before starting the experimental period and at the end of the trial. Concerning the biochemical parameters, the animals fed CH-AOX reached the highest values for ALB compared to the animals fed CH or FH-AOX; however, the values were within the reference values for old dogs. Triglycerides and urea were significantly higher in FH compared to the CH diet; however, both FH-AOX and CH-AOX showed a marked decrease in the TRI and urea concentration with respect to FH and CH. Moreover, CH-AOX and FH-AOX increased glucose values, linoleic acid content, and polyunsaturated FA n-3 with respect to FH and CH. On the contrary, arachidonic acid was lower in the CH-AOX and FH-AOX groups. In conclusion, FH led to a better FA profile than that of the CH diet, while CH-AOX and FH-AOX improved the FA profile regardless of the basal diet.

Effects of Commercially Available Antioxidant-Enriched Fish-and Chicken-Based Diets on Biochemical Parameters and Blood Fatty Acid Profile of Old Dogs / Sechi, S.; Carta, S.; Correddu, F.; Di Cerbo, A.; Nudda, A.; Cocco, R.. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 12:10(2022), p. 1326. [10.3390/ani12101326]

Effects of Commercially Available Antioxidant-Enriched Fish-and Chicken-Based Diets on Biochemical Parameters and Blood Fatty Acid Profile of Old Dogs

Sechi S.
Methodology
;
Carta S.
Formal Analysis
;
Correddu F.;Nudda A.;Cocco R.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Simple Summary The effects of different diets on the biochemical parameters and fatty acid profile of dogs' blood were investigated. The dog diet is normally composed of chicken or fish meat, which represents a good source of protein and fat. However, fish and chicken meat contain a high amount of lipids susceptible to oxidation, which could alter the beneficial effects of the dog food. The addition of antioxidant compounds to the diet might improve the quality of the diet and, consequently, the health of the animals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of two commercially available fish- (FH) and chicken (CH)-based diets and the same diets combined with antioxidant compounds, e.g., FH-AOX and CH-AOX, respectively, on biochemical parameters and blood fatty acid (FA) profile. For this purpose, 28 dogs were allocated to four groups and fed the four diets for six months. Blood samples were taken before starting the experimental period and at the end of the trial. Concerning the biochemical parameters, the animals fed CH-AOX reached the highest values for ALB compared to the animals fed CH or FH-AOX; however, the values were within the reference values for old dogs. Triglycerides and urea were significantly higher in FH compared to the CH diet; however, both FH-AOX and CH-AOX showed a marked decrease in the TRI and urea concentration with respect to FH and CH. Moreover, CH-AOX and FH-AOX increased glucose values, linoleic acid content, and polyunsaturated FA n-3 with respect to FH and CH. On the contrary, arachidonic acid was lower in the CH-AOX and FH-AOX groups. In conclusion, FH led to a better FA profile than that of the CH diet, while CH-AOX and FH-AOX improved the FA profile regardless of the basal diet.
Effects of Commercially Available Antioxidant-Enriched Fish-and Chicken-Based Diets on Biochemical Parameters and Blood Fatty Acid Profile of Old Dogs / Sechi, S.; Carta, S.; Correddu, F.; Di Cerbo, A.; Nudda, A.; Cocco, R.. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 12:10(2022), p. 1326. [10.3390/ani12101326]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/301128
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