The acid-promoted epoxidation of vegetable oils was studied using a variety of acidic ion exchange resins as heterogeneous acid catalysts. Quantitative and selective epoxidation of a series of vegetable oils with different composition of saturated, mono-, di- and tri-unsaturated fatty acids was obtained upon identification of the more efficient catalyst and experimental conditions. Furthermore, optimized reaction conditions were successfully applied to the epoxidation of a waste cooking oil, thus extending our procedure to the valorization of a biowaste, an area of increasing importance within a more sustainable society. The use of quantitative 1HNMR besides making accurate evaluation of the amounts of reagents to be employed and of the selectivity, allowed facile and rapid quantification of mono-, di- and tri-epoxides, thus providing an indirect indication on the fatty acid composition of the vegetable oils, even in the presence of very low quantities of linolenic acid.
Aquivion perfluorosulfonic superacid as an effective catalyst for selective epoxidation of vegetable oils / Polese, R.; Pintus, E.; Nuvoli, L.; Tiana, M.; Pintus, S.; Satta, G.; Beccu, A.; Gaspa, S.; Carraro, M.; De Luca, L.; Azzena, U.; Pisano, L.. - In: ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE. - ISSN 2054-5703. - 9:4(2022). [10.1098/rsos.211554]